This process implies modifying shapes of sheet metals through strength rather than removing some of its stuff. Sheet metal is forced to be pressed, which brings to its plastic deformation, but not to failure grade. Plate metal shaping process involves:

Bending

Rolling

Spinning

Depth Drawing

Stretching

In this procedure plate metals are extended into a required form. Extensile strength exposed to plate metal deforms it into a cup like piece. Deeply drawn pieces are as deep as the piece half caliber. Pieces like these possess direct-walled, cone-shaped and curve-walled elements. Though roll and rectangle pieces are much more usual. This method is more efficient in flexible metal stuff like brass, copper, aluminum etc. Pans, oil tanks, sinks, pots are samples of this tooling. This procedure is carried out through blanks, blank keepers, punches and dies. Blank is a bit of plate metal, that is cut out of stock stuff and is shaped into a piece. Blank is pressed through its keeper on die, that possesses a chamber in the piece outer form. The punch runs downwards in blank and extends the plate in the die chamber. Punch motion operates through hydraulic power to provide enough strength. Dies and punches may wear out because of produced strength, so they are usually from carbon steel. Sheet metal formation may pass through several steps in this process. Every time punch presses the piece in another die, extending it to a deeper chamber. The plate metal part, which was pressed by blank keeper forms a ridge at the piece, which may be cut.

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